What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files sent from the website visited by the user to the user's device (usually to the browser) where they are stored so that the device can be recognised on its next visit. In fact, the cookies are sent from the user's device back to the website again on each subsequent visit.
Cookies can be installed not only by the manager of the website visited by the user (first party cookies), but also by another website that installs the cookies through the first website (third party cookies) and is capable in recognising them. This happens because the website being visited could contain elements (images, maps, sounds, links to web pages of other domains, etc.) residing on other servers.
Depending on the purposes, cookies may be technical cookies or profiling cookies.
Technical cookies are installed for the sole purpose of “performing the transmission of a communication on an electronic communication network, or in a manner strictly instrumental to the provider of an information technology service as directly requested by the subscriber or user to provide said service” (see Article 122, par. 1 of Italian Legislative Decree no. 196/2003 (so-called Privacy Code) as amended pursuant to Article 11, paragraph 1, letter b), Italian Legislative Decree no. 101 of 10 August 2018).
They are usually used to ensure efficient navigation of web pages, memorise user preferences, store information about specific user configurations, authenticate users, etc.
Technical cookies can be divided into session cookies, used to record data useful for normal browsing and use of the website on the user computer (allowing, for example, to remember the preferred size of the page in a list) and functional cookies, which allow the website to remember the choices made by the user in order to optimise its functionality (for example, functional cookies allow the website to remember the specific settings of a user, such as the selection of the country and, if set, the status of permanent access).
Some of these cookies (known as essential or strictly necessary cookies) enable specific functions, without which certain operations would not be possible.
Pursuant to the cited article 122, par. 1, Privacy Code, the use of technical cookies does not require the users' consent.
The so-called analytics cookies are assimilated to technical cookies (and therefore, as specified in the Provision, user consent and further regulatory requirements are not required for their installation) if made and used directly by the first party website manager (i.e, without the involvement of third parties) for the purposes of optimisation and to collect aggregate information about the number of users and the way in which they visit the same website, as well as analytics cookies made and provided by third parties and used by the first party website merely for statistical purposes, if, among others, suitable instruments should be applied to reduce the identification capacity of analytics cookies being used (e.g. by masking significant portions of the IP address).
Profiling cookies are used to track user navigation, to analyse user behaviour for marketing purposes, and to create profiles on tastes, habits, choices, etc., in order to transmit targeted advertising messages relating to the user's interests and consistent with the preferences shown when browsing the web.
Such cookies may be installed on the user’s device only if the same has expressed the consent to the modalities set out in the Provision. Based on their duration, cookies are referred to as either persistent cookies, which remain saved on the user's device until they expire (unless removed by the user), or session cookies, which are not saved in a persistent manner on the user's device and vanish when the browser is closed.
What are the cookies in use in the application form "Looking for doctors and healthcare personnel"?
When browsing this website cookies of third parties may be installed on the user's terminal. In fact, some functions (such as the vocalisation of content and the display of videos) are performed using third party services, which produce technical cookies.
Below are listed the third parties involved, the types of cookies and the links to the their cookie policies:
This portal allows users to share their content on social networks (such as Facebook, Twitter) by accessing directly the pages of said social networks.
Some cookies may therefore be installed on the same pages (though not on this portal). Regione Lombardia does not know of the purposes of any cookies installed on the pages of said social networks.
In order to allow users to know the methods and purposes of user information processing by third parties, the following links are reported to give access to the privacy policies and cookie policies of the concerned third parties:
This website uses neither first party nor third party profiling cookies.
Is it possible to disable cookies?
By default, almost all web browsers are configured to accept cookies automatically. Users may still modify the default settings using the settings function of the browser in use, which allows them to cancel/remove all or some cookies or block the deployment thereof or limit it to specific websites.
Disabling or blocking cookies or deleting them may compromise the optimal use of some website sections or prevent some functions, while affecting the operation of third party services.
The cookie management configuration depends on the browser being utilised. Following are some links to the guides for cookie management of the most popular browsers:
Microsoft Internet Explorer
From “Tools” select “Internet options”. In the pop-up window select "Privacy" and adjust the settings of the cookies or use the following links: